With the goal of trying to connect every object we use on a daily basis to the internet, the Internet of things (IoT) has already piqued the interest of people and businesses across the globe.
The use of IoT devices is growing at an incredible speed. According to Statista, the number of IoT connected devices is estimated to amount to 75.44 billion worldwide by 2025, and IDC predict that the global market value of IoT will reach $1.7 trillion by 2020.
At the same time, AI is also roaring with growth. The global AI market size is expected to grow from $21.46bn in 2018 to $190.61bn by 2025, according to Markets and Markets.
The two technologies' promises to simplify our lives and drive growth and success in our industries, coupled with their incredible potential, is enforcing this growth.
As IoT inserts multiple 'smart' features into our homes, we are going to see the growth of smart cities too, delivering at leas t$20 trillion in additional economic benefits by 2026, according to a recent report entitled Role of Smart Cities for Economic Development . It is bound to not only transform but dominate our lives.
However, despite the multiple advantages that come from both burgeoning technologies, AI and IoT are often treated as distinct entities, thus do not get to work together often. But the only way to unleash their full potential, and really reap AI and IoT's benefits, is by making them partners.
We take a closer look at how these two technologies working together will spark a technological revolution like one that has never been seen before.
IoT's data generation outrage
We live in a data-driven world and the ability of our devices to connect to the internet and exchange data is fascinating.
The rate at which data is being generated is stupefying; DOMO research shows about 1.7 megabytes of data will be generated every second for every person on this earth by 2020, but shockingly 99.5% of digital data is never evaluated.
The IoT is a data generation machine and, given the increasing availability of connected devices, the amount of data connected devices gather is set to escalate beyond imagination. IDC has estimated that in 2025 there will be over 80 billion connected things , creating and replicating more than 175 zettabytes of data every year.
With this promisingly increasing growth, IoT will become our major source of data, which should give access to new opportunities.
Unfortunately, at the current moment only a very small piece of the data that people and businesses generate, collect and store ends up being used to its full potential. The complexity and volume of data keep growing on a daily basis, but data not efficiently utilized is useless since actions are not taken from the vast amount of data generated – and this is where AI needs to play an important role.
For optimal value to be extracted from that data, we have to get rid of previous traditional methods as they will not be sufficient and efficient at analyzing the deluge of performance data and info that all these devices create. When AI-based analysis and response is adopted, it will speed up the tedious process.
We do not just want our devices connected to each other and transferring data, instead, we want them to connect and work smartly to unleash their potential and go beyond their current capability.
This can be achieved through the use of a subset of AI, machine learning (ML) which detects patterns in data presented. It learns from these patterns, in order to adjust the ways in which it analyzes that data or triggers actions.
The only way IoT can keep growing and blooming is through its partnership with AI and for the IoT revolution, there is an insatiable need for this intelligent technology.
The wonderful product of AI and IoT's union
Through IoT's basic function of connecting machines and generating data from those machines, and AI's focus on simulating intelligent behavior in machines of all sorts, when connected devices meet intelligence, we will see the start of a brand-new world. A world where the IoT provides the connected environment to exchange data, then the data will be converted into value through the use of ML and AI.
AI and IoT's partnership will largely impact the following.
AI will help organizations gain meaningful insights from the big data IoT has provided them with. They will then be able to thoroughly analyze the data, giving them helpful, applicable insights into their business, where they are going right or wrong and will enable them to take action, or – even better – automate actions.
With the help of ML's predictions and its high level of accuracy, ML will serve as a guide for making future business decisions with an elevated degree of certainty.
Businesses need to invest in the relationship of AI and IoT, if they seek more efficiency and the ability to make smarter future decisions. The result will be an acceleration in innovation and significant boosts in productivity across many organizations.
In Industrial IoT (IIoT), ML's predictions will be able to highlight any problems that may arise in products, which will lead to company's developing predictive maintenance, saving time and money in addition to increasing safety measures.
AI will also help in speeding up production processes, reducing maintenance costs and downtime with its ability to enable real-time processing and response when connected with IoT devices. This way, the marriage of the two technologies will further optimize resources and increase industrial safety.
As more people invest in AI-enabled IoT devices, the technology we use will become more automated and begin to require very little human intervention. For example, the data gathered by fitness trackers will be processed automatically, with the application of AI, instead of going through a rigorous and time-consuming process that involves humans. This will help prevent any form of delay towards getting medical solutions in the future.
The change will not just be in regard to automation but also intelligence. For instance, AI systems in your smart home will 'learn' (with ML's algorithms) your mood and preferences, as well as analyzing your interaction with home objects. With this knowledge, IoT devices can take corresponding actions to each situation without being told.
The unity of AI and IoT is set to, in no doubt, revolutionize the world of IoT as the two technologies perfectly complement each other to provide business, industry and consumers with the best, most convenient and streamlined future.